How Do Braces Work?

Before applying the brackets, Dr. Just and our team will collect photos and X-rays of your mouth. Sometimes we will use our iTero Element scanner to scan each of your teeth and your gums and mouth’s layout. If necessary, this process takes 10-15 minutes and provides an extremely accurate 3D view of your mouth. After the X-Ray and option scan, the information will be used to help create your customized treatment plan. This includes how each tooth needs to be moved to get it in the best possible position.

Dr. Just will decide how to place the brackets based on this information. For example, if you have some teeth that need to be tilted, the placement of those brackets will be different from the brackets’ placement for teeth that need to be turned. Once the brackets have been attached, Dr. Just will insert the wire. Bends in the wire will provide different types of pressure on different teeth. A bend in the wire is how most orthodontists cause-specific and precise movements. For example, a bend can help a tooth that is twisted to turn and face the right way, or aligning one tooth that is too far forward with one that is too far back. This tooth movement process is called remodeling, and it involves minor changes in the bone that surrounds the roots of your teeth.

Traditional Metal Braces

Traditional braces have been around for a long time, and they’re probably the most recognizable symbol of orthodontics. These orthodontic workhouses have a long history of successful treatment and are great at correcting many oral issues.

What Can I Expect from Today’s Metal Braces?

Metal braces have had a reputation for being awkward and obvious, but because of modern orthodontics, you will benefit from versions that are smaller, less conspicuous, and more comfortable than ever before. Sleeker brackets and lighter wires improve the appearance and feel of these braces. This means you will have less irritation in your mouth. Traditional metal braces also come with a fun new twist without any extra cost – you can customize them with pops of color. The elastics that fit around your brackets come in a wide variety of colors that let you showcase your personality whenever you want.

Pick your favorite color combination, the colors of your favorite sports team, even your school colors! We also offer silver, gray, white, black, and tooth-colored elastics for patients seeking a more subtle look. Braces are great at fixing complex tooth issues. They can work faster at closing gaps and aligning teeth than other treatments might. This can potentially shorten your treatment time. In addition, metal braces are cost-effective because they don’t require some of the more complex technology or expensive equipment that newer treatments do. The strength, durability, and affordability of traditional metal braces keep them the top treatment for orthodontic patients, year after year. Since metal braces get right down to work, you’ll be able to see some signs of progress in a relatively short period of time. It may not seem like much, but sometimes seeing even a small improvement in your smile can give you an encouraging boost on your orthodontic journey.

How Long Will I Be in Metal Braces?

This is what everyone wants to know, but it’s one we don’t have a concrete answer for. Every mouth is different, and every patient responds to treatment in their own way. Treatment time with metal braces will be different every time. The average time spent in metal braces is around 18 to 22 months but could be shorter or longer, depending on the individual. We have patients in braces for as little as six months. But for complex issues, it can take over three years to complete the process. With metal braces, you can see signs of improvement in just a short period of time, giving you confidence during the treatment process.

Damon Braces

Why settle for traditional braces when Just Orthodontics is a certified provider of Damon Clear braces? The three most common objections to braces are:

  1. Braces hurt!
  2. It takes too long!
  3. Braces are ugly!

We want people to see your smile, not your braces. Clear braces are the perfect alternative to traditional braces and remove all the reasons to avoid getting started on creating your new smile. Whenever most people think of braces they think of a mouth full of braces and rubber bands. Not anymore! Damon clear braces use clear ceramic braces that resist discoloration and are virtually invisible. Damon Braces to not use elastics (rubber bands) to hold the wire in the brace which makes them much easier to keep clean.

Damon clear braces combine tieless brackets and high technology wires that are clinically proven to move teeth fast and comfortably with amazing results. Damon braces use what’s called a passive slide mechanism to hold the wire into the brace, allowing the wire to move freely. This reduces friction and binding so your teeth can move quickly and more comfortably than ever before.

Traditional braces use elastics (colored rubber bands) that bind the wire in place acting like a parking brake which can slow the movement of the teeth. We’ve had adults who had braces as a child and admit they weren’t the best at wearing their retainers and are now in treatment again, but this time with the Damon System and they are amazed at how much easier and more comfortable the experience this time around is. Discover what more than 2 million patients have already experienced. The Damon System is a whole new treatment approach that aligns our teeth and enhances your facial aesthetics – usually without tooth extractions, headgear, or palatal expanders.

Best for Adults

Since Damon Clear braces have so many great features, you might be wondering why anyone would choose not to get them. But, we generally only recommend ceramic braces to adults and older teens because they are slightly more likely to break and a little more expensive than metal braces.

What Are Braces Made of?


The brackets durable, long-lasting, and are typically made from a mix of stainless steel, nickel, and other metals. Brackets have little hooks or doors where a wire is threaded. A bracket can be secured by closing the door or placing an elastic over the wire’s top.


This is what Dr. Just will use to attach the brackets to your teeth. Although some orthodontists may attach the brackets to a metal band that is then crimped around the tooth to hold it in place, it’s much more common to attach the bracket directly to the tooth with glue (technically, a form composite bonding material). If you need more serious treatment, metal bands may be used together with glue to make your braces more stable.


This thin piece of metal runs from one bracket to another. Dr. Just will change the shape and curvature of the wire to move your teeth in the desired direction. In addition, Dr. Just may bend the wire to help push or pull any teeth that are especially stubborn. In some cases, the wire will attach all of your bottom or upper teeth together, but we might occasionally cut the wire strategically if connecting just a few teeth is better for your treatment plan.


If you need bite correction, elastics are essential. They are generally strung between an upper bracket hook and a lower bracket hook. This will pull the upper jaw backward to correct an overbite or the lower jaw back to correct an underbite. In addition, we may use rubber bands for many different situations, especially when we want to put extra pressure on the teeth or jaws.

Orthodontic Bands

These are stainless steel rings that are cemented to your teeth using dental bonding agents. These bands can provide an anchor for your braces and orthodontic appliances, but they are not used for everyone.


These small elastic “donuts” or rings can be used to create space in between your teeth when needed, typically before bands are placed. They are also referred to as separators.

Elastic Ties / O-Rings / Ligatures / Colors

These tiny rubber rings or bands are used to attach the archwire to the brackets. They are less rigid than spacers and come in dozens of colors.